A Tennessee teacher charged with kidnapping a 15-year-old student and driving her to California had planned to take the girl to Mexico and took a boat from San Diego on a test run, according to federal court documents filed Monday.
Authorities credit the caretaker of a remote northern California property for helping police find the girl Thursday and arrest her alleged abductor, fired teacher Tad Cummins. She has returned home and is being treated by a team of therapists.
Cummins is charged with taking a minor across states lines to have sex.
In carrying out his "audacious scheme," the 50-year-old Cummins switched vehicle license plates twice, disabled his vehicle's GPS system, used aliases, altered his appearance, paid only in cash and used back roads during his nearly six weeks on the run, according to the documents.
Cummins acknowledged in federal court that he is the suspect in the case and agreed to return to Tennessee to face charges there.
U.S. Magistrate Judge Kendall Newman ordered him held in the meantime as both a flight risk and a danger to the public.
Assistant U.S. Attorney Jason Hitt said Cummins is danger in part for "using his position of trust as a school teacher" and for having two guns in the vehicle when he and the missing girl were found Thursday at a remote cabin in far northwest California.
Assistant federal defender Ben Galloway argued the girl went willingly and Cummings had no criminal history.
"These allegations do not involve force, threats or coercion" Galloway said.
"This was not an abduction or kidnapping as has been suggested," he added in an emailed statement. "He surrendered without incident and has been cooperative with investigators. He looks forward to returning to Tennessee as soon as possible to answer the charges against him."
Cummins still had the beard, mustache and dark-rimmed glasses he had when he was arrested and sat during the brief hearing clad in an orange jail uniform.
He offered minimal responses as he was advised of his rights and the charges that could send him to prison for 10 years to life.
The Associated Press is not naming the girl because she is an alleged victim of a sex crime.
Cummins left Tennessee because he was worried about an investigation into his relationship with the girl, the court documents said.
After taking out a loan for $4,500, court records said, the teacher took the money and two handguns and wrote a note to his wife saying he needed to go to Virginia Beach or the Washington, D.C., area to clear his head.
But instead of going to the beach, police said he picked up the student in Columbia, Tennessee, in his wife's car on the morning of March 13 and headed west.
"From the moment the defendant was suspected of his improper relationship in early 2017, he began plotting his escape with the juvenile victim," the records said.
On Thursday, a northern California man became suspicious of the two people he initially thought were in distress and helped lead police to Cummins.
Griffin Barry said the pair told him their names were John and Joanna and they needed money for food, gas and a place to stay, ABC News Good Morning America reported Friday (http://abcn.ws/2pKHq16). But Barry, 29, said he became suspicious when the older man tried to keep the teen away.
The girl's father has told news media he believes his daughter was brainwashed.
Cummins also faces state charges of aggravated kidnapping and sexual contact with a minor.
Before disappearing, Cummins was investigated by the school system when another student reported seeing the then-married teacher kiss the girl at the Culleoka Unit School. Culleoka is about 60 miles (100 kilometers) south of Nashville near the Alabama state line.