South Carolina Gov. Nikki Haley Signs 20-Week Abortion Ban - NBC 7 San Diego
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South Carolina Gov. Nikki Haley Signs 20-Week Abortion Ban

These bans are now in effect in 13 states

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    South Carolina Gov. Nikki Haley Signs 20-Week Abortion Ban
    AP
    In this Monday, May 2, 2016 file photo, South Carolina Gov. Nikki Haley speaks with reporters outside the Jasper County office building in Ridgeland, S.C. Haley signed legislation on May 25, 2016, banning most abortions 20 weeks after fertilization.

    South Carolina Gov. Nikki Haley has signed legislation outlawing most abortions at 20 weeks beyond fertilization. 

    The law took effect Wednesday with the Republican governor's signature. The only exceptions are if the mother's life is in jeopardy or a doctor determines the fetus can't survive outside the womb.

    These bans are now in effect in 13 states and blocked by court challenges in three others. South Dakota's ban takes effect July 1. 

    Under the U.S. Supreme Court's 1973 Roe v. Wade ruling establishing a nationwide right to abortion, states were permitted to restrict abortions after viability. But the ruling offered no legal definition for viability, saying it could range between 24 and 28 weeks into a pregnancy. The high court has yet to rule on the 20-week bans.