Californians have defeated two of three crime measures on their ballot, including one of the few proposals to trim the state's bulging inmate population.
The only crime measure approved was Proposition 9, which would write crime victims' rights into the state constitution.
Proposition 5 would have diverted a projected 84,000 drug offenders from prison or jail into treatment programs annually. The measure's co-author and campaign manager Dave Fratello says its defeat leaves the state more vulnerable to a federal court order that the state free some prisoners before they have completed their full sentences.
Prop 6 would have stiffened penalties for gang members, including allowing gang members as young as 14 to be tried as adults.