A Look at How Los Angeles Was Born

One of the most emblematic places in Southern California is the park known as El Pueblo de Los Ángeles, a historic monument that highlights when the city was founded 237 years ago on Sept. 4, 1781.

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A look at the significant locations that were part of the founding of Los Angeles on Sept. 4, 1781.
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El Pueblo de Los Ángeles its located within the limits of Spring, Macy, Alameda and Arcadia streets and Cesar Chavez Boulevard.
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The city was founded on Sept. 4, 1781 under the name El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora Reina de los Ángeles sobre el Río Porciúncula, which translates to the Town of Our Lady Queen of the Angels of Porciuncula.
The founders of the city were eleven families who came from Mexico to the San Gabriel Mission.
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One of the most popular areas of the park is La Plaza, or the main square, where cultural events such as Day of the Dead, take place.
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Plates around La Plaza tell the tale of each one of the families that founded the city.
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Olvera Street, formerly known as Wine Street, was transformed into the colorful tourist and commercial area that it is now.
Olvera Street was transformed into a colorful tourist and commercial area with different shops that sell items related to the Mexican culture.
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One of the historic structures on Olvera Street is the Casa Adobe Ávila, or Adobe Avila House, which is the oldest in the city. It was built by Francisco Ávila in 1818. Today, the Adobe Avila House is a free museum and its part of the National Register of Historic Places.
The original owner of the Casa Sepúlveda, or Sepulveda House, Eloísa Martinez Sepúlveda, ordered the construction of the house to set up shops and provide shelter.
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The restaurant La Golondrina on Olvera Street used to be the Casa Pelanconi, or Pelanconi House, built by an Italian vine grower named Giuseppi Covaccichi in the mid 1850s. This is the oldest brick-house that remains untouched in Los Angeles.
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The store Casa California, or California House, is now a retail store in Olvera Street.
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The Hammel Building was built in 1909.
The Salón Italiano, or Italian Hall, was built in 1908 as a point of reunion for the Italian community in Los Angeles.
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The Simpson/Jones Building was built in 1894 and is now home to two restaurants in Los Angeles.
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The Garnier Building was built in 1890 by a French immigrant named Philippe Garnier. It was designed to give shelter to Chinese merchants and it's the oldest building in Los Angeles that was inhabited by Chinese immigrants until 1953. Today, the Garnier Building is home to the Chinese American Museum.
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The Casa Pico, or Pico House, was built by Pío Pico as a hotel.
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The Vickrey-Brunswig Building was built in 1888 and served as shops on the first floors and bedrooms on the upper floors. Today the Vickrey-Brunswig Building is known as the Plaza de Cultura y Artes.
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The fire station in La Plaza was the first building of its kind in Los Angeles. It was built in 1884 and served as storage for firefighting equipment.
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The Church of Our Lady Queen of the Angels was built in 1822 and is considered the oldest church in Los Angeles.
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The United Methodist Church (left) was built in 1926 and the Edificio Biscailuz, or Biscailuz Building (right) was built in 1927. The Biscailuz Building was home to the Consulate General of Mexico in Los Angeles for several years.
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Olvera Street is home to the mural América Tropical, painted by artist David Siqueiros in 1932. Due to its political content, authorities ordered to cover the mural until the Getty Conservation restored and opened the America Tropical Interpretive Center to the public.
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A look at the America Tropical Interpretive Center.
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The historic park is also home to sculptures that commemorate Mexican music culture and artists like Antonio Aguilar.
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Union Station isn't located inside La Plaza, but is also considered a historic piece of Los Angeles.
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