San Diego

Santa Ana Winds Push Record-Breaking Temps into San Diego

The combination of high temperatures, low humidity and gusty winds can contribute to the spark and spread of wildfires

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San Diego is expected to see more record-breaking temperatures this weekend as Santa Ana winds push warm and dry conditions into the region.

San Diegans began to feel the warm-up on Thursday and four locations around the county including, Santa Ana, San Diego, Vista and Escondido broke their previous record for daily maximum temperatures on Friday.

By 9 a.m. Saturday morning most cities across the inland valleys were already in the mid-70s, and coastal areas will be hovering over the upper 60s and low 70s, NBC 7's Brooke Martell said.

The heat is a result of high pressure off the coast of California coupled with the offshore flow.

The warming trend is going to leave the region vulnerable to wildfires, according to the National Weather Service. Forecasters did not issue red flag warnings but did predict fire weather conditions.

Santa Ana winds rolling through San Diego County starting Thursday are going to warm us up and dry us out, reports NBC 7's Melissa Adan

Starting Sunday, the pressure system creating the warm-up is expected to break down and the start of next week should be cooler.

Weekend Highs
Coastal: 84 Thursday, 87 Friday and 82 Saturday
Inland: 90 Thursday, 91 Friday and 89 Saturday
Mountains: 72 Thursday, 73 Friday and 75 Saturday
Deserts: 88 Thursday, 90 Friday and 89 Saturday

How Are Santa Ana Winds Different?

NBC 7 Meteorologist Crystal Eggers explains the phenomenon behind Santa Ana Winds when they roll through San Diego County.

Santa Ana winds occur between September and May and are thus synonymous with fire season in San Diego. They flow in a southwestern curve over the mountains into San Diego, bringing along dry, warm air.

A process called adiabatic heating helps heat the air and suck out its moisture as it passes over the mountains to our east. Low humidity, winds and high temperatures together present the perfect environment for wildfires to spark and spread quickly.

As the wind rolls down off the mountain the air mass compresses, adding about 5.5 degrees of heat for every 1,000 feet of elevation drop, according to Meteorologist Ana Cristina Sanchez.

For example, the town of Julian sits just above 4,000 feet above sea level while Ramona rests at around 1,500 feet. Under a Santa Ana wind event, we could see around 15 degrees of temperature difference between the two towns. This helps explain why we see unseasonably high temperatures everywhere except the mountains in Midcap's high temperature forecast for this weekend.

Meteorologist Ana Cristina Sánchez explains why Southern California experiences warmer days during a Santa Ana wind event.
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