Medal of Honor Soldier Reburied After Remains Received From in Unmarked Grave

Officials spent almost two years trying to find the remains of one San Diego soldier.

A Medal of Honor-winning soldier's remains were reburied Wednesday with full military honors, nearly a century after his death.

Sgt. Charles Schroeter, a Civil War-era soldier born on July 4, 1837, was laid to rest Thursday at Miramar National Cemetery. Officials spent nearly two years poring through archives, reports and even graves in search of clues about Schroeter's remains, before he was finally discovered an unmarked mass grave.

“We wanted to honor him with all the proper military ceremonies he was due at Miramar,” said Bill Heard, a public information officer for the Miramar National Cemetery Support Foundation.

Schroeter's remains were received at 9 a.m. Tuesday with the help of an honor guard of the 11th Armored Cavalry from Fort Irwin, lead by Brig. Gen. Joseph M. Martin and the Miramar National Cemetery Support Foundation. 

A rifle squad fired a salute and the soldier's urn was buried at the foot of a white marble gravestone marked with golden inscription.

It was almost a century ago when Schroeter was cremated and placed in an unmarked grave with other soldiers at Greenwood Cemetery in San Diego, according to research done by Heard and others.

Schroeter received the Medal of Honor, the United States' highest military honor, for his valor in battle against the Apaches in an 1869 Arizona fight, the Campaign of the Rocky Mesa.

As to how his cremated remains ended up where they did, however, “that is a mystery,” Heard said.

Ten years ago, the Congressional Medal of Honor Foundation set about locating all the graves of Medal of Honor recipients. They found almost 500 graves, but not Schroeter’s remains, Heard said. 

Those involved in the search, including those at the Miramar National Cemetery Support Foundation, the San Diego History Center and the Congressional Medal of Honor Foundation, spent nearly two years trying to decode the mystery.

Heard’s job was doing the research to connect the Medal of Honor recipient to the man buried in the unmarked grave. He spent two months of a nearly two year process researching the details of Schroeter’s life. In late April, he finally traced Schroeter’s past to Greenwood Cemetery, where Heard found the soldier's remains.

“We were a little shocked that the remains of a Medal of Honor recipient were in an unmarked crypt with a dozen or more containers of remains of other unclaimed persons,” he said.

A native of Germany, Schroeter immigrated to the U.S. and first enlisted in St. Louis, Missouri, at age 25.

He spent 25 years serving his adopted homeland, where he fought with the U.S. Cavalry’s 1st Division during the Civil War and, once that war ended, with the 8th Cavalry Regiment fighting in the Indian Wars.

Schroeter re-enlisted in the armed forces multiple times throughout his life, including in the Grand Army of the Republic and the Marine Corps, before his retirement as a sergeant.

He never married or had children but did live in San Diego, Heard said. When he died, Schroeter left behind $200 in life insurance. In those days, it was enough for a proper burial. That money was never used for a burial, Heard said.

Until April 21, his remains were stored at the Greenwood Cemetery in an unmarked grave. Though it is unclear when he was born, Heard said it was likely from 1834 to 1837. 

Schroeter, the first Medal of Honor recipient to be buried at Miramar National Cemetery, will be laid to rest on July 9, just days after his birthday on the fourth of July.

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