Brown lawns, dusty cars and idle sprinklers are likely sights across California this summer.
Gov. Jerry Brown's mandate to reduce urban water use by 25 percent to get through the drought has sent communities scrambling for solutions. The State Water Resources Control Board approved the new restrictions May 5 that include a mandatory target for each local water agency to reduce consumption.
Here's what to know about the plan, approved as the state endures a fourth consecutive dry year.
Why is the state doing this?
California is far from running out of water, but it's not clear when the drought is going to end. Regulators say saving urban water is the cheapest and most efficient way to make sure communities have enough water if the drought persists and to avert more drastic cuts later.
Who does it affect?
It's up to the state's hundreds of local water agencies to enforce the rules to meet the local targets. Water experts say that letting lawns go brown is the single most important step that can be taken, but state regulators also want water conservation to be top of mind when people are doing laundry or taking showers.
How will California reach 25 percent conservation?
Each community has a water reduction mandate of between 8 percent and 36 percent, depending on past use. The state believes it's easier for water-guzzling cities and desert resorts to make huge cuts by neglecting big lawns. Water-frugal communities with few lawns such as San Francisco are less able to conserve even more.
Is everyone on board?
Dozens of cities have blasted the water reduction targets as unfair and unrealistic. The plan also has highlighted regional tensions. Diverse regions of the state, from wealthy beach towns to rural Central Valley communities, are jockeying for limited water. Some agencies that have conserved for years complain that they are lumped in with cities that just started metering water use. Others say they are being punished with large cuts even after preparing for the drought by building local storage supplies and water-saving technology.
What if communities don't meet their targets?
Communities with pitiful savings face hefty fines, although the water board says that's a last resort. The board says it will focus on helping communities find ways to drive down use. The state does have the power to intervene, including compelling new restrictions and raising local water rates, but has never done so. Gov. Jerry Brown wants to give local agencies the authority to issue fines up to $10,000, but more than half of communities that reported their enforcement efforts have not issued any fines at all.
The board says it expects to see large cuts immediately. The approaching summer season is the peak time for water use and the best opportunity to save by letting lawns go thirsty. Communities will report their water use monthly, and regulators say they'll investigate agencies that lag in conservation.