Officials from Southern California colleges and schools are being trained in how to survive an attack by a campus gunman.
A two-day seminar concluded Tuesday with a simulated gunman stalking a dormitory at San Diego State University.
About two dozen participants from school districts and universities in San Diego County, Los Angeles and Bakersfield, along with some police and private security personnel, took part.
They practiced barricading doors, hiding, escaping and confronting the gunman.
The seminar was planned months before December's Connecticut school massacre. In the wake of that attack, the San Diego school board on Tuesday ordered a safety review of all campuses.
Staff will report back on ways to improve school safety and security in the event of attacks, fires, earthquakes or other disasters.