<![CDATA[NBC 7 San Diego - Health News]]>Copyright 2017https://www.nbcsandiego.com/news/health http://media.nbcnewyork.com/designimages/KNSD+RSS+Feed+logo+blue.png NBC 7 San Diego https://www.nbcsandiego.comen-usMon, 11 Dec 2017 13:24:43 -0800Mon, 11 Dec 2017 13:24:43 -0800NBC Owned Television Stations <![CDATA[Hepatitis A Outbreak]]> Wed, 20 Sep 2017 11:26:06 -0800 https://media.nbcsandiego.com/images/213*120/New_Campaign_Promotes_Hepatitis_A_Vaccines_and_Prevention.jpg ]]> <![CDATA[Depression, Anxiety Crisis Deepening in America]]> Sun, 10 Dec 2017 14:49:18 -0800 https://media.nbcsandiego.com/images/213*120/GettyImages-548183493.jpg

Alex Crotty was just 11 when things started feeling wrong.

“I didn't feel unloved. I just felt numb to the world. Like, I was surrounded by great things, but just I couldn't be happy. And I didn't know why that was,” Alex, told NBC News.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports one in five American children, ages 3 through 17 — some 15 million — have a diagnosable mental, emotional or behavioral disorder in a given year.

Recent research indicates serious depression is worsening in teens, especially girls and the suicide rate among girls reached a 40-year high in 2015, according to a CDC report released in August.

Teens are known for their moodiness, and adolescence — a particularly turbulent time of life — is actually one of the most vulnerable periods to develop anxiety and depression. Some 50 percent of cases of mental illness begin by age 14, according to the American Psychiatric Association.

Photo Credit: ullstein bild via Getty Images]]>
<![CDATA[Images Reveal Woman's Eye Damage From Staring at Eclipse]]> Fri, 08 Dec 2017 10:32:49 -0800 https://media.nbcsandiego.com/images/213*120/solareyedamage_1200x675.jpg

A New York woman suffered from blurred vision and permanent dark spots after staring directly into the solar eclipse in August, according to a case study released Thursday. 

The woman, identified by CNN as 26-year-old Nia Payne of Staten Island, walked into the New York Ear and Eye Infirmary of Mount Sinai with symptoms of vision that was blurred, distorted and could not perceive color well. She also reported seeing a central black spot in her left eye, according to the study published in JAMA Ophthalmology.

She told doctors that she first glanced at the sun during the eclipse for 6 seconds then she borrowed a pair of what she thought were eclipse glasses and looked up at the sun for another 15 to 20 seconds. She said she viewed the eclipse with both eyes. 

Doctors monitored the woman and advised her to use certified eclipse-viewing glasses when looking at the sun. But six weeks after the eclipse, she was still seeing dark spots in her left eye. 

Upon further examination, doctors noticed that the dark spot shape in her eye resembled a partial solar eclipse. They concluded that during a partial solar eclipse, when part of the sun’s core remains visible, viewing the solar rim without eclipse-viewing glasses with special-purpose solar filters can lead to severe solar retinopathy.

Doctors also captured images of the damage.

"It's embarrassing. People will assume I was just one of those people who stared blankly at the sun or didn't check the person with the glasses," Payne told CNN. "It's something I have to live with for the rest of my life. But it could be a whole lot worse, and I try to count my blessings."

According to the National Center for Biotechnology Information, a person whose eyes are damaged by a solar eclipse will begin feeling symptoms within a few hours of the exposure. The young woman sought medical assistance three days after the solar eclipse occurrence. Doctors diagnosed her with a rare case of acute solar retinopathy which occurs when the eye retina is severely damaged by gazing straight into the sun.

Acute solar retinopathy is caused by photochemical toxicity when light can damage the retina and underlying structures. While the eye has several ways to protect itself from such damage, certain exposures to light can still result in temporal or permanent damage, according to the NCBI.

In 1999, there were 14 recorded incidents of eyes damaged after a solar eclipse in the United Kingdom. 

According to NASA, there is a point during the eclipse where the light is the most damaging and it is best to keep eyes protected at all time during an eclipse. 

The New York case study concluded that young adults may be especially vulnerable and need to be better informed of the risks of directly viewing the sun without protective eyewear.

Photo Credit: JAMA]]>
<![CDATA[Thursday Marks Deadline for 2018 Medicare Plan Enrollment]]> Thu, 07 Dec 2017 08:52:29 -0800 https://media.nbcsandiego.com/images/213*120/medicarenewcardforseniorss_1200x675.jpg

Medicare's fall open enrollment period ends Thursday.

During the annual seven-week period, which began Oct. 15 and ends Dec. 7, beneficiaries can make changes related to Medicare Part C (known as an Advantage Plan) and Part D (prescription drug coverage).

Medicare Advantage coverage is offered by private insurers under contract with the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, the federal agencies that oversees these programs. These plans are offered in place of the original Medicare, which is comprised of Part A (in-patient coverage) and Part B (outpatient care).

Seniors with traditional Medicare also can buy supplemental prescription drug plans (Part D) through these companies. However, patients must have original Medicare and live in the plan’s service area in order to join an Advantage Plan.

Over the years, Advantage Plans have grown in popularity among Medicare recipients, according to a study by the Kaiser Family Foundation. In 2017, 33 percent of beneficiaries, or 19 million people, were enrolled compared to 13 percent in 2007. The highest enrollment growth — 71 percent — taking place since 2010 when the Affordable Care Act was passed, KFF found.

About 63 percent of Medicare Advantage enrollees have health maintenance organization (HMOs) plans and 33 percent are enrolled in preferred provider organization (PPOs) plan, according to Kaiser. The remainder are enrolled in private plans.

HMOs provide coverage to doctors, other medical providers and hospitals that are in the plan's network. This means an HMO typically will cover or reimburse medical costs incurred outside its network except in an urgent or emergency situation, according to Healthcare.gov. Enrollees also could need a referral from their primary-care doctor to see other physicians or specialists.

"It's really about how people want to manage their health care," Josh Norris, senior health insurance agent for Comprehensive Financial Consultants in Indiana told CNBC. "Some people want to visit whatever doctor they want, but for other people it doesn't matter as much."

A PPO costs more monthly and lets patients go to out-of-network providers. However, patients typically pay more in co-pays or co-insurance for that flexibility.

Premium costs for most Medicare Advantage recipients will average $30 a month in 2018, which is two dollars less than in 2017, according to the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. The average premium for Part D will go down by $1.20 to about $33.50 a month, the CMS estimates.

The average Medicare Part B premium will be about $134 a month for beneficiaries who make less than $85,000 ($170,000 for joint filing). About 28 percent of Part B enrollees will pay less — about $109 — than the full monthly premium of $134, because the increase in their Social Security benefit will not be large enough to cover the full Part B premium increase, the CMS reported.

But the premium costs for many high earners is slated to rise in 2018. Individuals earning between $133,001 and $160,000 ($267,000 and $320,000 for married couples filing jointly), for example, Part B premiums will jump by $80 a month, according to CMS estimates.

Beneficiaries who are signing up for Medicare for the first time have a window that starts three months before the month in which they turn 65 and ends three months after. To enroll visit the Social Security site's Medicare Benefits page here.

The federal government has extended the last day of open enrollment from Dec. 7 to Dec. 31 for those living in designated disaster areas nationwide.

People affected by hurricanes Harvey, Irma, Maria and Nate, and the California wildfires, qualify for this assistance.

Those eligible may need to provide proof of residency, such as a driver’s license or utility bill. To sign up, or find out if you are eligible for other disaster-related assistance such as extending a premium payment grace period, contact Medicare at 800-633-4227.

Photo Credit: AP]]>
<![CDATA[San Diego Flu Cases Triple Over 2016 Numbers]]> Wed, 06 Dec 2017 12:02:08 -0800 https://media.nbcsandiego.com/images/213*120/flu+generic.jpg

San Diego County has more than three times the number of confirmed flu cases than this time last year, the County Health and Human Services Agency announced Wednesday.

Almost 860 confirmed cases have been reported this flu season, compared to 242 at the same time last year.

In just the last week, 182 cases were reported. Officials say that is 78 more than the cases reported the previous week.

So far this flu season, San Diego County has had four people die of influenza.

“Get vaccinated now to protect yourself and your family, especially with the holidays coming up,” said Wilma Wooten, M.D., M.P.H., County public health officer.

Children and adults 6 months and older should get a flu shot every year according to The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. It could take up to two weeks for immunity to develop, officials said.

The flu vaccine is available at doctors’ offices and retail pharmacies. If you don’t have medical insurance, you can go to a County public health center to get vaccinated. For a list of locations, visit www.sdiz.org or call 2-1-1.

Photo Credit: NBC10]]>
<![CDATA[Pollution Can Counteract Exercise Benefits, Study Suggests]]> Wed, 06 Dec 2017 07:34:28 -0800 https://media.nbcsandiego.com/images/213*120/GettyImages-200009519-001.jpg

Air pollution can hinder the effects of exercise in the body, a new British study suggests.

As NBC News reported, researchers from Imperial College London studied 120 people, aged 60 or older, who walked in lush Hyde Park or along traffic-clogged Oxford Street. Eighty participants had mild heart or lung disease.

Those who walked through Hyde Park experienced increased lung function, as well as a decrease in pulse wave velocity — a measure of stiffened arteries. The benefits lasted a full day. "By contrast, these beneficial responses were attenuated after walking on Oxford Street," Rudy Sinharay and colleagues wrote. 

"Our findings suggest that healthy people, as well as those with chronic cardiorespiratory disorders, should minimize walking on streets with high levels of pollution because this curtails or even reverses the cardiorespiratory benefits of exercise," the researchers wrote.

Photo Credit: Getty Images, File]]>
<![CDATA[Flu Is Spreading Fast This Season: Officials]]> Sun, 03 Dec 2017 14:25:37 -0800 https://media.nbcsandiego.com/images/214*120/fluGettyImages-665515600.jpg

This year’s flu season is off to a fast start and early indications suggest that it may be more severe than the previous season, NBC News reported.

Widespread flu activity is currently in four states where last year there were none at this time, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. And Dr. William Schaffner, who is involved in the CDC’s flu surveillance network in Tennessee, has noticed cases of influenza picking up "dramatically" in the last week.

Even worse, it appears the dominant strain will be H3N2, which can produce more severe illness, said Schaffner, an infectious disease specialist at the Vanderbilt University Medical Center.

Unfortunately, the flu vaccine available in the United States this year was only 10 percent effective in preventing illness from H3N2. However, while vaccinated people can still get sick, generally they get a milder and less dangerous form of the illness. Also, the vaccine protects against other flu strains.

Photo Credit: Getty Images/iStockphoto]]>
<![CDATA[Gingerbread Houses Help Raise Funds For Epilepsy]]> Tue, 28 Nov 2017 19:49:47 -0800 https://media.nbcsandiego.com/images/213*120/DR_WEB_2_GINGERBREAD_1200x675_1105537091606.jpg

Anyone who visits the luxurious Fairmont Grand Del Mar this week might see giant gingerbread castles towering in the ballroom. 

Tuesday is Giving Tuesday, a day dedicated to donating to charity and helping out with good causes. 

The Epilepsy Foundation has teamed up with the National University system to raise money for more than 50,000 people in San Diego County living with Epilepsy, a neurological disorder that can have symptoms such as seizures. 

“My mom was affected by Epilepsy when she was younger and died from complications at 53 years old,” said Michael Cunningham, Chancellor of National University. “This foundation helps to not only find a cure, but supports the children, military and folks with seizure disorders.”  

They are hoping to raise $400,000 in one night to go towards the Epilepsy Foundation. 

An increasing number of veterans have developed seizures/epilepsy as a result of head trauma while serving in combat zones.  

"In the last two wars, half the people with penetrating head wounds will go on to develop Epilepsy," said Kathy West, executive director of the Epilepsy Foundation for San Diego County. "We want to help these veteran families." 

The gingerbread house gala attracted the city's most prominent philanthropists. 

The gala is also a competition. Pastry chefs from all over the county came to create the gingerbread houses. The winner will be chosen by a vote and given a cash prize of $2,500. 

<![CDATA[County Extends Local Hepatitis A Health Emergency]]> Mon, 27 Nov 2017 12:35:53 -0800 https://media.nbcsandiego.com/images/213*120/Many_Tourists_Unaware_of_SD_s_Hepatitis_A_Outbreak.jpg

San Diego County officials are expanding some efforts in certain communities to stop the current Hepatitis A outbreak from spreading into other populations.

The County Board of Supervisors voted Monday to extend the local health emergency for an additional two weeks. Officials first issued the local health emergency on Sept. 14 following an outbreak of Hepatitis A cases. 

Wilma Wooten, M.D., M.P.H., County Public Health Officer, told the board that her staff is seeing an overall downward trend in the number of cases.

Since the beginning of the outbreak in November 2016, there have been 20 deaths. More than 560 cases have been reported and 378 people have been hospitalized due to the outbreak. 

There have been 10 cases or fewer reported each week for the past eight weeks, county officials said.

In December, the county is issuing food safety guidelines to the faith-based community so as to not disrupt any holiday food distribution events. 

Health officials say men who have sex with men should get a Hepatitis A vaccine.

County health officials are also offering four mobile van clinics in Hillcrest during the first two weeks of December and four vaccination clinics at the LGBT Center. 

Other groups that should get vaccinated include illegal drug users, people with chronic liver disease, travelers to certain countries, people with clotting disorders, homeless people, people who work closely with the homeless and food handlers, according to the county.

San Diego County Health and Human Services officials said Hepatitis A is usually spread through the fecal-oral route from person to person. They said symptoms include jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes), fever, fatigue, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, abdominal park, dark urine and light-colored stools.

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<![CDATA[Ambulances Stick Patients With Surprise Bills]]> Mon, 27 Nov 2017 07:50:55 -0800 https://media.nbcsandiego.com/images/213*120/ambulance37.jpg

Public outrage over surprise medical bills has prompted some states to pass laws protecting consumers. But such laws largely ignore ground ambulance rides, which can leave patients with up to thousands owed in medical bills and few options for recourse, according to a Kaiser Health News review of hundreds of consumer complaints in 32 states.

Patients are often vulnerable because 911 dispatchers pick the ambulance crews, which then pick the hospitals. The sticker shock comes after patients are taken to hospitals out of their insurance network or when the ambulance service itself hasn't joined an insurance network.

Forty years ago most ambulances were free. Now many are run by private companies and venture capital firms.

According to the advocacy group Consumers Union, at least a quarter of their 700 patient reports about surprise medical bills involve ambulances. 

Photo Credit: File-Bloomberg via Getty Images]]>
<![CDATA[Big Tobacco Finally Tells the Truth in Court-Ordered Ad]]> Mon, 27 Nov 2017 11:28:12 -0800 https://media.nbcsandiego.com/images/213*120/GettyImages-476551298.jpg

Smoking kills 1,200 people a day. The tobacco companies worked to make them as addictive as possible. There is no such thing as a safer cigarette.

Ads with these statements hit the major television networks and newspapers this weekend, but they are not being placed by the American Cancer Society or other health groups. They’re being placed by major tobacco companies, under the orders of the federal courts.

“It’s a pretty significant moment,” the American Cancer Society’s Cliff Douglas said. “This is the first time they have had to ‘fess up and tell the whole truth.”

The Justice Department started its racketeering lawsuit against the tobacco companies in 1999, seeking to force them to make up for decades of deception. Federal district judge Gladys Kessler ruled in 2006 that they’d have to pay for and place the ads, but the companies kept tying things up with appeals.

Photo Credit: Photo by Matt Cardy/Getty Images]]>
<![CDATA[New Study Says Coffee Is Good For You After All ]]> Sat, 25 Nov 2017 13:19:06 -0800 https://media.nbcsandiego.com/images/182*120/11+24+17+coffee.png

You no longer have to worry about waking up and smelling the coffee. 

New research says drinking 3-4 cups of coffee a day is good for you. That's according to a study recently published in the British Medical Journal. 

The health benefits and downfalls of your morning cup of joe have been widely debated in the medical community. 

A review of 200 previous studies found coffee is "more likely to benefit your health than harm it." 

But public health specialists warn coffee is often consumed with sugars and unhealthy fats, like pastries. These may independently contribute to negative health outcomes. 

The review was carried out by public health specialist Robin Poole of Southampton University, England. 
In a linked editorial, Professor Eliseo Guallar from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg school of public health in Maryland wrote that "coffee is safe, but hold the cake".

The review was conducted by Robin Poole, a public health specialist of Southampton University, England. 

In a linked editorial, Professor Eliseo Guallar from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Maryland wrote that "coffee is safe, but hold the cake." 

<![CDATA[Health System Fires 50 for Refusing to Get Flu Shots]]> Wed, 22 Nov 2017 19:27:51 -0800 https://media.nbcsandiego.com/images/214*120/fluGettyImages-665515600.jpg

About 50 employees of Essentia Health, an upper-Midwest hospital chain, didn’t go to work Wednesday.

But it wasn’t an early start to the Thanksgiving holiday for them. They were fired for refusing to get flu shots, NBC News reported.

It’s part of a growing trend for hospitals to require flu shots for workers.  

“It’s a patient safety issue,” said Dr. William Schaffner, an infectious disease expert at Vanderbilt University and a spokesman for the Infectious Diseases Society of America. “It’s so that we do not give flu to our patients.”

Photo Credit: Getty Images/iStockphoto]]>
<![CDATA[CTE Turned Ex-NFL Star From Top Lawyer to ‘Other Person']]> Sun, 19 Nov 2017 15:54:12 -0800 https://media.nbcsandiego.com/images/213*120/GettyImages-822512332.jpg

After completing an NFL career that included two Super Bowls, Fred McNeill got an advanced law degree and practiced law. But within just a few years, he began to fall apart, losing his temper, losing his memory and losing job after job, NBC News reported.

“Here is this person who was so kind, so intelligent, so special, so loving, so easygoing. He made things look easy. And then he flipped to be this other person,” Tia McNeill, Fred McNeill’s widow, said in an interview.

McNeill died in 2015. He was bankrupt, unable to eat or care for himself. A positron emission tomography (PET) brain scan done in 2012 showed he had chronic traumatic encephalopathy or CTE — the degenerative brain disease being linked increasingly to professional football and to head injuries sustained in combat.

The confirmation comes too late to help McNeill. But if the findings hold up in other patients with similar symptoms, such a scan may be able to diagnose CTE in time to give patients hope for recourse while they are still alive and, perhaps, eventual treatment.

Photo Credit: Jeff Siner/Charlotte Observer/MCT]]>
<![CDATA[No Correlation Between Mental Health, Mass Shooting: Experts]]> Sat, 18 Nov 2017 20:03:20 -0800 https://media.nbcsandiego.com/images/213*120/GettyImages-874617738.jpg

Kevin Neal’s family knew he was mentally ill, but they never thought he would kill five people and attack an elementary school in rural northern California. But Neal committed both those acts on Tuesday, and it has left his family asking some very difficult questions, NBC News reported.

Sheridan Orr, Neal’s sister, said her brother made threats for nearly 20 years. Though they continued to pressure him to receive help for his mental health, he seemed unwilling to pursue treatment.

Experts say it is difficult to know what to do in those situations, but Dr. James Fox, an expert on gun violence and author of “Extreme Killing: Understanding Serial and Mass Murder,” said it's dangerous to assume that the mentally ill tend to commit these shootings.

"There’s not really a correlation," said Fox, who maintains a database on mass shootings. "We like to think that these people are different from the rest of us. We want a simple explanation and if we just say they’re mentally ill, case closed. Because of how fearful dangerous and deadly their actions are, we really want to distance ourselves from it and relegate it to illness."

Photo Credit: Randall Benton/Sacramento Bee/TNS via Getty Images, File]]>
<![CDATA[New Sharp Chula Vista Hospital to Open in 2 Years]]> Fri, 17 Nov 2017 10:51:28 -0800 https://media.nbcsandiego.com/images/213*120/SVC-Topping-Off-1116.jpg

The final steel beam was placed Thursday on a tower that, in two years, will debut as the first new hospital to open in San Diego’s South Bay in more than 40 years.

Sharp Chula Vista Medical Center’s new hospital – a $244 million endeavor – will add 138 large, private patient rooms to the facility’s existing 343-bed hospital, as well as six operating rooms, including a hybrid procedure room. The hospital will be topped with a rooftop café.

Construction began last November under the helm of Hensel Phelps Construction, AVRP Skyport and SmithGroupJJR. Sharp said a total of 3,580 pieces of steel were used to create the framework for the hospital. A “topping out” ceremony celebrated the placement of the final beam as crews cheered for the milestone.

Sharp said its Chula Vista Medical Center located at 751 Medical Center Ct. is the largest health care provider in the South Bay. Sharp Chula Vista currently employs more than 2,000 staff and nearly 500 affiliated physicians, making it also one of the largest private employers in San Diego’s South County.

Photo Credit: Sharp Chula Vista]]>
<![CDATA[Owning a Dog May Help You Live Longer: Swedish Scientists]]> Fri, 17 Nov 2017 09:26:59 -0800 https://media.nbcsandiego.com/images/215*120/Screen+Shot+2017-11-17+at+8.59.02+AM.png

According to a new study in Sweden, owning a dog could help you live longer. Scientists followed more than 3 million adults for 12 years.

<![CDATA[CTE Found in Living Ex-NFL Player for 1st Time: Study]]> Fri, 17 Nov 2017 06:52:15 -0800 https://media.nbcsandiego.com/images/213*120/AP_764021564440-Fred-McNeill-NFL-Player.jpg

The "unique pattern" of chronic traumatic encephalopathy, the debilitating brain disease known as CTE, has been found for the first time in a patient before he died, NBC News reported.

It was detected in a brain scan of former Minnesota Vikings linebacker Fred McNeill, according to the doctors behind a study published in the journal Neurosurgery last week. The scan could lead to the development of treatments for the incurable disease.

CTE is caused by repeated blows to the head, and has been found in many dead NFL players' brains, including former New England Patriots star Aaron Hernandez, who killed himself in April before a murder conviction against him was cleared.

So far, the only way to definitively diagnose CTE is by looking at the brain after death, but a 2012 scan of McNeill's brain that seemed to show protein deposits characteristic of CTE was confirmed in an autopsy after McNeill died last year.

Photo Credit: AP Photo, File]]>
<![CDATA[Congress' Delay Risks Millions of Kids' Health Insurance]]> Fri, 17 Nov 2017 04:09:02 -0800 https://media.nbcsandiego.com/images/213*120/pll_20171118_chip_russo_10_fc7316e06197590903fff4b9d54d55a9.nbcnews-ux-2880-1000.jpg

The Children's Health Insurance Program covers annual check-ups and more medical procedures for nearly 9 million kids in low-income families, but congressional bickering is putting it at risk, NBC News reported.

The program has enjoyed bipartisan support since it was created in 1997, but legislators have let this year's reauthorization deadline pass in the debate over repealing and replacing the Affordable Care Act. Now funding in 11 states will run out by the end of the year, according to the Kaiser Family Foundation, and 21 more states by March.

CHIP gives health insurance to children and pregnant mothers who don't qualify for Medicaid but can't afford private insurance, and Census data shows the rate of uninsured children has dropped from 14 to about 4.5 percent in the past 20 years, experts say.

It's helped Roland Williams, 11, a St. Louis boy with an extremely rare form of lung cancer whose mother was told last year that "he would make it to see his 10th birthday."

Photo Credit: Eva Russo / for NBC News]]>